Over the next several years, the future of the Arctic will be determined. As one of five countries with a coast on the Arctic Ocean, actions by the United States will play a large part in the future of the Arctic. However, it is unclear whether the American government’s strategic planning, infrastructure, or policy engagement in the Arctic is sufficient to meet the challenges of an opening Arctic. This report details five key examples of how the U.S. is failing to meet the challenge:
As the climate changes due to man-made global warming, these threats to the American coastline will only increase. Warming is melting global ice caps, increasing sea levels. Climate change also is expected to increase the severity, and possibly the frequency, of coastal storms. Combined, these two factors mean that costly and deadly storm surges are more likely.
Advancements in hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling have already unlocked vast new natural gas resources from shale rock. Drillers are using the same innovations that brought about the “Shale Gas Revolution” for oil, leading to a surge in shale oil (or “tight oil”) production. ASP’s Perspective Paper, “The U.S. Tight Oil Boom: Geopolitical Winner or Long-Term Distraction?” highlights these contradictions – the U.S. tight oil boom has short-term geopolitical benefits, but over the long-term it does not provide real energy security.
This fact sheet lays out some of the trends in climate events over the last ten to fifteen years, demonstrating rising threats to the United States.
Mitigating greenhouse gases is necessary to reduce the effects of climate change. However, the United States must also take adaptation measures in order to minimize the inevitable consequences of climate change.
The American Security Project releases the preliminary results of a new resource on climate change and national security: The Global Security and Defense Index on Climate Change. The Index analyzes how governments around the world and their militaries plan for and anticipate the strategic threats of climate change.
The government of China controls the headwaters of all the area’s major rivers, except the Ganges. Collecting and using the water flows in massive dams can affect the water security of downstream neighbors. The Brahmaputra is the region’s only major river that is shared by the region’s two great powers, India and China. Basin management in this region will test their bilateral relationship. Read this report to find out more,